What is a listed building?
It’s basically a building that has been labelled as having special architectural features or is of historic interest and importance. Generally, the older the building, the more likely it is to be listed.
There are two main ways for a building to become listed. Firstly, you can nominate a building or monument to Historic England who are responsible for looking after the country’s historic environment. Secondly, Historic England will designate listed status on buildings based on their own research and priorities. Any building over 30 years old can be nominated so that dodgy 1960s concrete tower blocks could be declared a national treasure.
There are around 500,000 listed buildings in England and there are three listing categories:
- Grade I – these are buildings of exceptional historic interest and it’s a pretty exclusive group, only 2.5% of listed buildings are classified as Grade I
- Grade II* - these are buildings of particular historic interest and 5.5% of all listed buildings are Grade II*
- Grade II – these are buildings of special interest and the most likely grading for home owners, 92% of all listed buildings are classed as Grade II