What's happening in the big blue?
Then there’s the stunning Great Barrier Reef, off the coast of Queensland in North-eastern Australia. A natural spectacle that’s visible from space and famed for its colour and wildlife, it’s currently in trouble due to heat stress caused by rising sea temperatures. The rising temperatures are causing what’s called bleaching, which is killing off large sections of the coral. Some scientists have claimed if we don’t get climate change under control it could be ‘game over for the reef’. But before you start packing your bags with the scuba gear, Australia has an action strategy set in place to help called the Reef 2050 plan, which aims to protect and manage the reef until 2050 so that the reef may be preserved for generations to come.
This leads us onto another climate change risk. This time it’s for the tropical nation in the Indian Ocean. The Maldives are made up of more than 1,000 coral islands and are the world’s lowest nation. It’s believed that in just 30 years the Maldives will be completely submerged.