Yes – there are two: ‘fibre-to-the-cabinet’ (FTTC) and ‘fibre-to-the-premises’ (FTTP).
FTTC is the most common, with fibre optic cables running to a ‘cabinet’ – that’s a fancy name for those green boxes on street corners that house the telecoms connections to each home. From the cabinet, your copper telephone wires take over to get the information to your home. FTTC can be fast, with providers like Sky and Talk Talk delivering up to 76 Mbps. But that last leg from the cabinet to the home can slow things up. As such, speeds will vary based on how far you live from the cabinet, and on the quality of your copper wires.
Also known as FTTH, or ‘fibre-to-the-home’, this is usually faster, because it uses fibre optic cables all the way to your property. This gets around the limitations of copper wires completely.