Driving offence codes explained

A driving offence in the UK can have some pretty serious consequences, not least penalty points on your licence.  
 
Here’s a look at the most common driving conviction codes and what they mean.  
 
^Sourced from GOV UK.  

A driving offence in the UK can have some pretty serious consequences, not least penalty points on your licence.  
 
Here’s a look at the most common driving conviction codes and what they mean.  
 
^Sourced from GOV UK.  

Daniel Hutson
From the Motor team
5
minute read
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Posted 27 APRIL 2021

Most common driving offences

If you’re convicted of a driving offence in the UK, penalty points, officially known as endorsements, will be put on your licence.

Every driving conviction is given an endorsement code which will stay on your licence for four or 11 years depending on the offence.

Depending on how serious the offence is, you could also end up in court, face a driving disqualification, or even be sent to prison.

The most common driving convictions are for:

  • Speeding
  • Drink driving
  • Using a mobile phone while driving
  • Driving without insurance

Out of these, speeding is by far the most common driving offence for Brits.

Driving conviction codes^

Accident offences (AC)

The following codes and penalty points stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

AC10

Failing to stop after an accident

5 to 10

AC20

Failing to give particulars or report an accident within 24 hours

5 to 10

AC30

Undefined accident offences

4 to 9


Disqualified Driver (DD) 

The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

BA10

Driving while disqualified by order of court

6

BA30

Attempting to drive while disqualified

6


The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of conviction: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

BA40

Causing death by driving while disqualified

3 to 11

BA60

Causing serious injury by driving while disqualified

3 to 11


Careless driving (CD) 

The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

CD10

Driving without due care and attention

3 to 9

CD20

Driving without reasonable consideration for other road users

3 to 9

CD30

Driving without due care and attention or without reasonable consideration for other road users

3 to 9


The following stay on a licence for 11 years from the date of conviction: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

CD40

Causing death through careless driving when unfit through drink

3 to 11

CD50

Causing death by careless driving when unfit through drugs

3 to 11

CD60

Causing death by careless driving with alcohol level above the limit

3 to 11

CD70

Causing death by careless driving then failing to supply a specimen for alcoholic analysis

3 to 11


The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of conviction: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

CD80

Causing death by careless or inconsiderate driving

3 to 11

CD90

Causing death by driving unlicensed, disqualified or uninsured

3 to 11

Construction and use offences (CU)

The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

CU10

Using a vehicle with defective brakes

3

CU20

Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of use of unsuitable vehicle or using a vehicle with parts or accessories (excluding brakes, steering or tyres) in a dangerous condition

3

CU30

Using a vehicle with defective tyre (s)

3

CU40

Using a vehicle with defective steering

3

CU50

Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of load or passengers

3

CU80

Breach of requirements as to control of the vehicle, such as using a mobile phone

3 to 6


Reckless/dangerous driving (DD) 

The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of conviction: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

DD10

Causing serious injury by dangerous driving

3 to 11

DD40

Dangerous driving

3 to 11

DD60

Manslaughter or culpable homicide with driving a vehicle

3 to 11

DD80

Causing death by dangerous driving

3 to 11

DD90

Furious driving

3 to 9


Drink (DR)

The following drink driving endorsements stay on a licence for 11 years from the date of conviction: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

DR10

Driving or attempting to drive with alcohol level above the limit

3 to 11

DR20

Driving or attempting to drive while unfit through drink

3 to 11

DR30

Driving or attempting to drive while then failing to supply a specimen for analysis

3 to 11

DD31

Driving or attempting to drive then refusing to give permission for analysis of a blood sample that was taken without consent due to incapacity

3 to 11

DD61

Refusing to give permission for analysis of a blood sample that was taken without consent due to incapacity in circumstances other than driving or attempting to drive

10

 

The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of offence or for four years from date of conviction if disqualified: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

DR40

In charge of a vehicle while alcohol level above limit

10

DR50

In charge of a vehicle while unfit through drink

10

DR60

Failure to provide a specimen for analysis in circumstances other than driving or attempting to drive

10

DR70

Failing to co-operate with a preliminary test

4

Drugs (DG) 

The following drug offences stay on a licence for 11 years from the date of conviction:

Code

Offence

Penalty points

DG10

Driving or attempting to drive with drug level about the specified limit

3 to 11

DG60

Causing death by careless driving with drug level above limit

3 to 11

DR80

Driving or attempting to drive when unfit through drugs

3 to 11


The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence or for four years from the date of conviction if disqualified: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

DG40

In charge of a vehicle while drug level above specified limit

10

DR70

Failing to co-operate with a preliminary test

4

DR90

In charge of a vehicle when unfit through drugs

10


Insurance offences (IN) 

This endorsement for driving without insurance stays on a licence for four years from the date of offence:

Code

Offence

Penalty points

IN10

Using a vehicle uninsured against [third party]< https://www.comparethemarket.com/car-insurance/content/third-party-fire/> risks

6 to 8


Licence offences (LC) 

The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

LC20

Driving otherwise than in accordance with a licence**

3 to 6

LC30

Driving after making a false declaration about fitness when applying for a licence

3 to 6

LC40

Driving while failing to notify the DVLA of a disability

3 to 6

LC50

Driving after licence has been cancelled (revoked) or refused on medical grounds

3 to 6


** An example of an LC20 offence would be to drive a vehicle – like an HGV – that isn’t covered by your licence.  

Miscellaneous Offences (MS) 

The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

MS10

Leaving a vehicle in a dangerous position

3

MS20

Unlawful pillion riding

3

MS30

Play street offences***

2

MS50

Motor racing on the highway

3 to 11

MS60

Offences not covered by other codes

3

MS70

Driving with uncorrected defective eyesight

3

MS80

Refusing to do an eyesight test

3

MS90

Failing to give information as to the identity of driver etc

6


*** For example, driving on a playground or recreational area that’s officially closed off to traffic.  


Motorway offences (MW) 

The following offence for breaking motorway regulations – excluding speeding – stays on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

MW10

Contravention of special roads regulations (excluding speed limits)

3


Pedestrian crossings (PC)

The following stay on a licence for four years for the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

PC10

Undefined contravention of pedestrian crossing regulations

3

PC20

Contravention of pedestrian crossing regulations with moving vehicle

3

PC30

Contravention of pedestrian crossing regulations with stationary vehicle****

3


****For example, parking on a zebra crossing.  

Speed limits (SP) 

The following speeding endorsements stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

SP10

Exceeding goods vehicle speed limits

3 to 6

SP20

Exceeding speed limit for type of vehicle (excluding goods or passenger vehicles)

3 to 6

SP30

Exceeding statutory speed limit on a public road

3 to 6

SP40

Exceeding passenger vehicle speed limit

3 to 6

SP50

Exceeding speed limit on a motorway

3 to 6


Traffic direction and signs (TS) 

The following stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence: 

Code

Offence

Penalty points

TS10

Failing to comply with traffic light signals

3

TS20

Failing to comply with double white lines

3

TS30

Failing to comply with a ‘stop’ sign

3

TS40

Failing to comply with direction of a constable/warden

3

TS50

Failing to comply with other traffic signs

3

TS60

Failing to comply with a school crossing patrol sign

3

TS70

Undefined failure to comply with a traffic direction sign

3

 

Code TT99 
This code shows that the licence owner has been disqualified after ‘totting-up’ penalty points – when the total reaches 12 or more within three years. The code stays on a licence for four years from the date of conviction. 
  
Vehicle theft (UT50) 
The UT50 code for ‘aggravated taking of a vehicle’ incurs three to 11 penalty points and will stay on a licence for four years from the date of the offence.  
 
Complicit offences 
If you help, permit or encourage someone else to commit a driving offence, your licence will also be endorsed with a number in relation to the endorsement code.  
 
For example: 
 
If you permit someone else to drive your car uninsured, the end of the IN10 code will change to 4, so the endorsement code on your licence will be IN14. 
 
If you incite or encourage someone to drive dangerously, the end of the DD40 code will change to 6, so the endorsement code on your licence will be DD46. 
 
If a passenger in a car answers a mobile phone (not hands-free) then passes it to the driver, the driver could receive a CU80 endorsement code, while the passenger could also be convicted of a CU84 offence.  

How to check if you’ve got points on your licence

You can see information about your driving licence on the DVLA website. If you’ve been convicted of a driving offence, you’ll be able to see any penalty points, as well as the corresponding endorsement code.

Driving offences and car insurance

While some offences can be fairly minor, any endorsements on your licence could have a negative impact on your car insurance.  
 
If you have penalty points on your licence, it’s likely that you’ll end up paying more for your car insurance.  
 
If it’s a more serious conviction, you might find it difficult to find an insurance provider who will cover you, so you may have to look for specialist convicted driver insurance.  
 
Even though it’s an extra cost, it might be worth adding  motor legal protection to your car insurance policy. This can help cover you legal defence costs if you’re accused of a motoring offence.  

Top tip:

To avoid an IN10 driving without insurance endorsement, take your car off the road and declare it SORN with the DVLA. This will allow you to keep your car in a garage or on your driveway without having to tax or insure it. Be aware that it’s illegal to park your car on the road or drive it while it’s uninsured.  

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