What vaccinations does my dog need?
There are four main diseases that dogs in the UK are vaccinated against, they are:
• Canine parvovirus - This is passed on through infected dog poo; symptoms include vomiting and diarrhoea containing lots of blood, as well as severe dehydration. Sadly, there’s no specific treatment for this, and puppies that contract this disease are particularly vulnerable.
• Canine distemper - This usually spreads through direct or close contact with an infected dog via bodily fluid – such as saliva from a bite. Symptoms vary but can include fever, vomiting, diarrhoea and coughing. It can be fatal, but even if a dog survives there can be long-term neurological and mobility problems, such as seizures, or difficulty in walking.
• Leptospirosis - Severe cases of this cause liver and kidney failure, and can be fatal in both dogs and humans. It’s contracted through infected urine or contaminated water (usually stagnant). It’s more common in areas with a high concentration of rats.
• Infectious canine hepatitis - There are two strains of this virus: one results in a cough and the other causes hepatitis. Symptoms include tiredness, fever, vomiting and diarrhoea. While it can be fatal in some dogs, the majority do recover.